Posted by: | Posted on: July 7, 2015

James Graham had once said “Orwell’s ‘1984’ was a conviction that whether right or wrong, Marxism is a quantum leap away from the concept of tyranny. By contrast, the comments by Huxley’s ‘Brave New World’ state that any utilitarian systems in the future could be ingratiating and subservient.” Marxism is basically the view of political, economic and social theories that are presented by Karl Marx that include the belief held between the various social classes as an important history force which suggests that society should have no social classes. George Orwell’s 1984 in terms of freedom, governance and the law is ineffective from a Marxist view because there’s essentially no hope for a real equitable society.

In his argument, Bob Dylan stated that no individual is free or has the levels of freedom they so desire even the birds that will remain chained to the sky. Connecting this statement to Orwell’s work, it is clear that he makes a depiction of the totalitarian dystopian world where he states that there lack freedom among citizens and citizens are constantly brainwashed by the systems in society. Orwell further points out that without any sense of individuals having fairness, people just work for the sake of the party and resemble the gear wheels that are in a machine. So that this is achievable, the politicians in 1984 are clearly suppressive of the individual’s thinking, and they also eliminate their freedom through creating propaganda, incessant surveillances and creating strict laws.

The false perceptions, myths and lies control the way the citizens think. It is clear that the party relies on propaganda as a weapon to control the citizens. However, this weapon of propaganda is used to increase the morale of the citizens and makes them think that what the party is telling them to do is right. Orwell states that war is peace, freedom, on the other hand, is slavery and ignorance are strengths among the people (Orwell, 4).  This is the slogan that is used by the party so as to convince the citizen that what they want is already given to them by the party.

The use of the law is another powerful tool that the politicians rely on so as to limit the freedoms of the citizens. Some of these are restrictions on dates, love, parties and curfews in Oceania. Despite the fact that they are implemented strictly, they cannot be termed as laws in theory as they are not written in any system. Orwell states that it is a fact that Syme grasped, even for a period of three seconds, the perception of his, Winston’s secretive opinions would be an instant betrayal to the police (Orwell, 30). There lacks a law that defines thought crime, but Winston can be arrested when he commits thought crime even through a facial twitch. The implications could result to the party changing the laws to ensure that they fit what the party finds appealing.


The facts that have been presented by Orwell in his book 1984 show that there is indeed a conflicting thought between the ideas in Orwell’s book and Marxism. It is clear that the citizens have been deprived their freedom, they have also been victims of poor governance and their laws have been manipulated to fit to those of the bourgeoisie and the law makers. This therefore means that the book is ineffective in supporting the ideas presented by Marxism that there should be no social segregation among citizens.





Orwell, G. (1983). 1984: A novel. New York: Plume.

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